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Adjustable Current Limit For Dual Power Supply

This current-limiting circuit, shown in this example as part of a small bench power supply, could in principle be used in conjunction with any dual-rail current source. The part of the circuit to the left of the diagram limits the current at the input to the dual voltage regulator (IC4 to IC7) so that it is safely protected against overload. The circuit shown produces outputs at ±15 V and ±5V. The voltage regulators at the outputs (7815/7805 and 7915/7905) need no further comment; but the current-limiting circuit itself, built around an LM317 and an LM337, is not quite so self-explanatory.... [read more]

Doorbell for the Deaf

This circuit provides a delayed visual indication when a door bell switch is pressed. In addition, a DPDT switch can be moved from within the house which will light a lamp in the door bell switch. The lamp can illuminate the words "Please Wait" for anyone with walking difficulties.... [read more]

VU Meter 5 with UAA180

This circuit of measurement of level uses the UAA180 of SIEMENS and a circuit of rectification of precision, round the IC2B. The calibration has become in steps 3db from the one Led in the other, ensuring, a very good rate of precision, in the measurement of entering acoustic signals. The Led can be square, thus when they are placed the one by in the other, they give the picture of bar, without space.... [read more]

An Expandable SCR Based Burglar Alarm

This is a simple SCR based burglar alarm circuit. Its features include automatic Exit and Entry delays - together with a timed Bell Cut-off and Reset. The basic alarm has a single zone. This will be adequate in many situations. However - the modular design means that you can add as many zones as you like to the system. Details of a Four-Zone expansion module are provided.... [read more]

10,000x With One Transistor

For a collector follower with emitter resistor, you’ll often find that the gain per stage is no more than 10 to 50 times. The gain increases when the emitter resistor is omitted. Unfortunately, the distortion also increases. With a ubiquitous transistor such as the BC547B, the gain of the transistor is roughly equal to 40 times the collector current (Ic), provided the collector current is less than a few milliamps. This value is in theory equal to the expression q/KT, where q is the charge of the electron, K is Boltzmann’s constant and T is the temperature in Kelvin.... [read more]

Voltage follower with 1G ohm input resistance

This circuit uses an LM11 to form a voltage follower with 1G ohm input resistance built using standard resistor values. With the input disconnected, the input offset voltage is multiplied by the same factor as R2; but the added error is small because the offset voltage of the LM11 is so low. When the input is connected to a source less than 1G ohm, this error is reduced. For an ac-coupled input a second 10M resistor could be connected in series with the inverting input to virtually eliminate bias current error; bypassing it would give minimal noise.... [read more]