Random circuits

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Simple Lie Detector

Here's a simple lie detector that can be built in a few minutes, but can be incredibly useful when you want to know if someone is really telling you the truth. It is not as sophisticated as the ones the professionals use, but it works. It works by measuring skin resistance, which goes down when you lie.... [read more]

POT-PLANT POWER

Following a hunch, the author discovered (or re-discovered?) that all plants carry an electric charge relative to the ground. This charge is more or less constant regardless of the size of the plant - a kind of "background voltage" in nature. This electric charge suffuses the entire plant, from its roots to its leaves and fruit. It was measured between a chrome-plated pin inserted into the plant (the positive terminal) and an iron spike driven into the ground (the negative terminal).... [read more]

Automatic Headlight Brightness Switch

Driving the highway with your high-beam headlights can really increase your visibility, but can he a blinding hazard for other drivers. This simple circuit can be wired into your headlight switch to provide automatic switching between high and low beam headlights when there is oncoming traffic. It does this by sensing the lights of that traffic. In this way, you can drive safely with your high-beams on without blinding other drivers.... [read more]

Symmetrical Preamplifier Class A

This is a symmetrical amplification unit circuit, more composed, modified by a construction which was proposed some years ago by Lisley Hood. The most important reason is to get the right transistor FET at differential amplifier at input. In spite of all this it is a circuit which provides, current mirror stage of both sides, with the result of lessening the overall negative feedback.... [read more]

Time Delay Relay

A time delay relay is a relay that stays on for a certain amount of time once activated. This time delay relay is made up of a simple adjustable timer circuit which controls the actual relay. The time is adjustable from 0 to about 20 seconds with the parts specified. The current capacity of the circuit is only limited by what kind of relay you decide to use.... [read more]

Simple Short-Circuit Detection

This circuit is suitable in every situation where over-current protection is required. Here we give an example from the model train world. Every seasoned model train enthusiast knows that there is nothing worse than having to find the cause of a short-circuit. On a small model railway with one locomotive it is obviously fairly easy, but on large layouts all locomotives stand still when there is a short and then you have to check each one in turn to find the culprit.... [read more]