Safety Guard


Protect your home appliances from voltage spikes with this simple time delay circuit. Whenever power to the appliances is switched on or resumes after mains failure, the oscillator starts oscillating and D5 blinks. This continues for three minutes. After that, Q14 output of IC CD4060 goes high to trigger the gate of the SCR through D4. At this moment, the voltage is available at the cathode of the SCR, which energizes the relay coil to activate the appliance and D6 glows. Switch SW1 is used for quick start without waiting for delay.

Circuit Diagram:

Circuit Diagram


  • R1 = 1M
  • R2 = 470R
  • R3 = 820R
  • R4 = 56K
  • R5 = 470R
  • R6 = 1K
  • R7 = 10K
  • C1 = 1kuF-25V
  • C2 = 100nF-63V
  • C3 = 0.02uF-63V
  • C4 = 10uF-25V
  • C5 = 10uF-25V
  • D1 = 1N4007
  • D2 = 1N4007
  • D3 = 1N4007
  • D4 = 1N4148
  • D5 = Red LEDs
  • D6 = Red LEDs
  • RL1 = 12V Relay
  • IC1 = AN7809
  • IC2 = CD4060
  • SW1 = Switch
  • T1 = 24V-AC Centre Tapped Transformer

Circuit Operation:

At the heart of the circuit is IC CD4060, which consists of two inverter gates for clock generation and a 14-bit binary ripple counter. Here the clock oscillations are governed by resistor R1 and capacitor C1. In this circuit, only two outputs of the IC (Q5 and Q14) have been used. Q5 is connected to an LED (D5) and Q14 is used to trigger the gate of the SCR through D4 as well as reset the counter. The anode of the SCR is connected to +9V and the cathode is connected to the relay coil. The other pin of the relay coil is connected to the negative supply, while its contacts are used for switching on the appliances.

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